Author(s): Masuda D, NakagawaToyama Y, Nakatani K, Inagaki M, TsubakioYamamoto K,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Postprandial hyperlipidaemia is known to be a high-risk factor for atherosclerotic disease because of rapid and lasting accumulations of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and remnants. The Niemann-Pick C1-Like 1 (NPC1L1) protein acts as an intestinal cholesterol transporter and ezetimibe, which inhibits NPC1L1, has been used in patients with hypercholesterolaemia. We investigated effects of ezetimibe on fasting lipid and lipoprotein profiles and postprandial hyperlipidaemia in patients with type IIb hyperlipidaemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ezetimibe 10 mg per day was administered in ten patients with type IIb hyperlipidaemia for 2 months, and lipid and lipoprotein profiles were examined during fasting and after an oral fat loading (OFL) test. RESULTS: In the fasting state, ezetimibe significantly decreased not only total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol and apolipoproteinB-100 (apoB-100) levels but triglycerides (TG), apoB-48 and remnant lipoprotein cholesterol (RemL-C) levels. High performance liquid chromatography analysis showed that ezetimibe decreased cholesterol and TG levels in the very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and LDL size ranges as well as apoB-100 levels, suggesting a decrease in numbers of VLDL and LDL particles. After OFL, ezetimibe decreased the area under the curve for TG, apoB-48 and RemL-C. Ezetimibe decreased postprandial elevations of cholesterol and TG levels in the chylomicrons (CM) size range, suggesting that the postprandial production of CM particles was suppressed by ezetimibe. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that ezetimibe improves fasting lipoprotein profiles and postprandial hyperlipidaemia by suppressing intestinal CM production in patients with type IIb hyperlipidaemia and such treatment may prove to be effective in reducing atherosclerosis.
This article was published in Eur J Clin Invest
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism