alexa FABP2 Ala54Thr genotype is associated with glucoregulatory function and lipid oxidation after a high-fat meal in sedentary nondiabetic men and women.
Biochemistry

Biochemistry

Bioenergetics: Open Access

Author(s): Weiss EP, Brandauer J, Kulaputana O, Ghiu IA, Wohn CR,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract BACKGROUND: A common functional missense mutation [Ala54Thr of the fatty acid-binding protein 2 gene (FABP2)] has previously been studied for associations with glucoregulation, postprandial lipemia, and lipid oxidation rates. However, most of those studies have not accounted for the interactive and potentially confounding effects of habitual physical activity and diet. OBJECTIVE: We tested the hypothesis that, in sedentary nondiabetic subjects following a low-fat diet, Thr54 FABP2 carriers have lower glucoregulatory function, greater postprandial lipemia, and greater lipid oxidation rates than do their Ala54 FABP2-homozygous counterparts. DESIGN: Men and women (n = 122) aged 50-75 y who were following a low-fat diet were genotyped and underwent oral-glucose-tolerance tests. A subgroup (n = 36) also underwent postprandial lipemia tests with lipid oxidation rate measurements. RESULTS: Thr54 carriers were less likely to have normal glucose tolerance (P = 0.05) and had higher fasting glucose concentrations (P = 0.003) than did Ala54 homozygotes. In Thr54 carriers, the insulin sensitivity index was lower (P = 0.02), and the fasting insulin and the oral-glucose-tolerance test insulin area under the curve were higher (P = 0.05 and 0.03, respectively) than in Ala54 homozygotes. FABP2 genotype was not associated with fasting or postprandial lipemia test triacylglycerol or free fatty acids (P > or = 0.22 for all), but postprandial lipid oxidation rates were higher (P = 0.01), which suggests that fat absorption is higher in Thr54 carriers than in Ala54 homozygotes. CONCLUSIONS: In sedentary nondiabetic persons following a low-fat diet, FABP2 Thr54 carriers have lower glucose tolerance and lower insulin action than do Ala54-homozygous persons. Furthermore, FABP Thr54 carriers have higher lipid oxidation rates, which may be the mechanism of glucoregulatory dysfunction.
This article was published in Am J Clin Nutr and referenced in Bioenergetics: Open Access

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords