Author(s): Morita T, Kurosaki D, Tsukagoshi H, Shimada H, Sato H,
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Abstract We examined the influence of the concentration of sevoflurane and the degree of muscle block at the time of reversal on the activity of neostigmine. Ninety ASA 1-2 patients were anaesthetised with 0.2, 0.7 or 1.2 MAC of sevoflurane (30 patients each) in 66\% nitrous oxide in oxygen. The electromyographic (EMG) response of the adductor digiti minimi was monitored at 20-s intervals after train-of-four stimulation of the ulnar nerve. The initial neuromuscular block was produced by vecuronium 100 micrograms.kg-1. When the amplitude of the first response (T1) values had recovered to 10\%, 25\% or 40\% of the control, neostigmine 40 micrograms.kg-1 was administered. The train-of-four ratio values were recorded at 1-min intervals during the subsequent 15-min period. Higher endtidal concentrations (p < 0.0001) and more pronounced block at the time of reversal (p < 0.0001) were associated with a delayed recovery in the train-of-four ratio. In addition, the train-of-four ratio 15 min after neostigmine administration was more dependent on the sevoflurane concentration than on the degree of block present (p < 0.0001). These results confirm that neostigmine (40 micrograms.kg-1) can reverse vecuronium-induced but not sevoflurane-induced neuromuscular block.
This article was published in Anaesthesia
and referenced in Journal of Anesthesia & Clinical Research