Author(s): Chu FK, Watorek W, Maley F
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Abstract It has been assumed that yeast external invertase is a dimer, with each subunit composed of a 60-kDa polypeptide chain. We now present evidence that at its optimal pH of 5.0, the predominant form of external invertase is an octamer with an average size of 8 X 10(5) Da. During ultracentrifugation the octamer dissociated to lower molecular weight forms, including a hexamer, tetramer, and dimer. All forms of the enzyme were shown to possess identical specific activities and to contain a similar carbohydrate to protein ratio. Although the monomer subunits (1 X 10(5) Da) were heterogenous in carbohydrate content, each subunit possessed nine oligosaccharide chains. When stained for protein and enzyme activity following sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, only the oligomeric form of the enzyme appeared to be active. Thus, on partially inactivating invertase with 4 M guanidine hydrochloride both octamer and monomer were evident on the gels but only the former was active. Similarly, incubating at pH 2.5 in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate yielded only inactive monomer. The monomer, unlike the active oligomeric aggregate, was unable to hydrolyze sucrose after sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Consistent with the in vitro studies, freshly prepared yeast lysate was shown to contain the octameric species of external invertase as the major active form of this enzyme. From these studies and others which employed deglycosylated invertase, it is concluded that the carbohydrate component of external invertase contributes not only to stabilizing enzyme activity, but also to maintaining its oligomeric structure.
This article was published in Arch Biochem Biophys
and referenced in Biochemistry & Pharmacology: Open Access