Author(s): Gardiner P, Kemper KJ, Legedza A, Phillips RS
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Little is known about the association between use of herbs and dietary supplements (HDS) and lifestyle/behavior factors in young adults in the US. METHODS: Analyzing the 2002 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS), we examined the patterns of HDS (excluding vitamins/minerals) use among young adults in the United States using descriptive statistics and logistic regression. RESULTS: In our sample of 18 to 30 year olds (n = 6666), 26\% were current smokers, 24\% were moderate/heavy drinkers, 43\% had high physical activity, and 54\% and 76\% use prescription and over the counter (OTC) medications respectively. Non-vitamin, non-mineral HDS was used by 17\% of the overall sample in the last 12 months. In the multivariable analysis, the lifestyle and behavioral factors associated with HDS use include: current smoking (odds ratio 1.41 95\% CI [1.16-1.72]); being a former smoker (1.50 [1.15-1.95]); moderate/heavy alcohol use (2.02 [1.53-2.65]); high physical activity levels (2.45 [1.98-3.03]); and prescription medication use (1.51 [1.26-1.81]). Among HDS users, only 24\% discussed their use with a health care professional. CONCLUSION: Nearly one in five young adults report using non-vitamin/non-mineral HDS.
This article was published in BMC Complement Altern Med
and referenced in Journal of Sports Medicine & Doping Studies