Author(s): Worku G, Enquselassie F, Worku G, Enquselassie F
Abstract Share this page
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) is by far the largest spurce of HIV infection in children below the age of 15 years. For many years little was known about preventing transmission of HIV infection from mother to child. Recently however, many interventions are available to reduce mother to child transmission, such as anti retroviral drug and avoidance of breastfeeding. For women to take advantage of measures to reduce transmission, they need to know their HIV status. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to identify factors determining acceptance of voluntary HIV testing among pregnant women at army hospitals in Addis Ababa. METHODS: A case control study was conducted in 88 acceptors and 176 non-acceptors of VCT using structured pre tested questionnaire from December 2004 to January 2005, at army hospitals in Addis Ababa. RESULTS: Among socio-demographic factors the odds of VCT acceptance was higher among better educated, married, with higher income women and among women whose husbands live at the same house. Women who had better knowledge of VCT and MTCT and women with frequent ANC visit had significantly higher VCT acceptance than their counterparts. Adjusted for socio-demographic and some reproductive characteristics VCT acceptance was significantly associated with knowledge about MTCT (OR = 7.34, 95\% CI = 3.44, 15.67), previous VCT experience (OR = 2.51, 95\% CI = 1.03, 6.17) and husbands residence (at the same house) (OR= 4.97, 95\% CI = 2.15, 11.46). CONCLUSION: Education of the mother, knowledge of MTCT and VCT and partner participation were important factors of VCT acceptance. The study gives useful information to health care providers to introduce measures that could improve the utilization of antenatal HIV testing.
This article was published in Ethiop Med J
and referenced in Journal of AIDS & Clinical Research