alexa Factors for progression of periodontal diseases.
Dentistry

Dentistry

JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science

Author(s): Ellis SD, Tucci MA, Serio FG, Johnson RB

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Progression factors for periodontal diseases have been suggested by in vitro study of peripheral blood and gingival cells; however, those factors are not established in vivo. This investigation assessed biopsies of three groups of gingival tissues: those adjacent to a 1) < or =3 mm (normal), 2) 4-6 mm, and 3) >6 mm gingival sulcus, to determine changes in the gingival microenvironment coincident to the progression of periodontal disease. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase activity, and IL-12 and bcl-2 levels, were decreased at >6 mm; total protein and IL-6 concentrations were increased adjacent to >6 mm, as compared to < or =3 and 4-6 mm, sites. Apoptotic cells were evident only within gingiva adjacent to >6 mm sites. These data suggest that IL-12 is an important factor in the shift from a TH1 to TH2 cell profile and that a favorable gingival microenvironment for hyperinflammation may develop coincident to progression of periodontal diseases due to decreased bcl-2 and increased IL-6 concentrations within gingiva. These changes in the gingival microenvironment could impair apoptosis and promote enhanced release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) by phagocytes; decreased catalase and SOD activity could promote accumulation of ROS and result in additional tissue destruction.
This article was published in J Oral Pathol Med and referenced in JBR Journal of Interdisciplinary Medicine and Dental Science

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords