Author(s): Jones AD, Bruland GL, Agrawal SG, Vasudevan D
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Abstract Veterinary antibiotics such as oxytetracycline (OTC) increasingly are found in the environment and often come into direct contact with soils via the release of animal wastes. Oxytetracycline is known to sorb strongly to soils by interaction with soil organic matter, clay minerals, and metal oxides. However, current knowledge of the influence of soil properties on OTC sorption is limited, as is our ability to predict OTC sorption to soils. This work was aimed at identifying properties that most influence the extent of OTC sorption in a suite of soils from the eastern United States representing a wide range in soil properties. Thirty soils were well characterized, an OTC soil-water distribution coefficient (Kd) was determined for each soil, and statistical analyses were employed to determine appropriate soil descriptors of OTC sorption. Soil texture, cation exchange capacity, and iron oxide content seemed to most influence the extent of OTC sorption in soils with organic carbon (OC) content between 0 and 4\%. Thus, the knowledge of these three soil properties would be key to anticipating the extent of OTC sorption and gaining insight into OTC fate within a given soil system. Notably, OC content appeared to influence OTC sorption only in a soil with 9\% OC.
This article was published in Environ Toxicol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry