alexa Factors predicting response and graft-versus-host disease after donor lymphocyte infusions: a study on 593 infusions.
Genetics & Molecular Biology

Genetics & Molecular Biology

Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Author(s): Raiola AM, Van Lint MT, Valbonesi M, Lamparelli T, Gualandi F,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract In the present study, we analyze factors predicting graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) and response after donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI). A total of 100 patients received 593 DLI between June 1990 and December 2000 in a bulk dose (n=14) or in escalating dose infusions (n=86). Patients were analyzed after stratification for type of relapse: (1). molecular relapse (n=6), (2). cytogenetic relapse (n=20), (3). chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) or complete remission of other disease post chemotherapy (n=24), (4). CML in accelerated/blastic phase (n=14), (5). resistant disease not responding to chemotherapy (n=36). The proportion of responders to DLI in these five groups was 100, 90, 75, 36 and 0\% (P<0.0001). Factors predicting response by multivariate analysis were type of relapse (P<0.0001), post-DLI GvHD (P=0.005), pancytopenia (P=0.008), and a diagnosis of CML (P=0.04). Acute GvHD (grades II-IV) occurred in 21 patients (21\%), and correlated in multivariate analysis with pancytopenia and less than four DLI. Other predictors of GvHD were the number of CD3+cells/infusion and serum levels of gamma-glutamyl transferase (gammaGT). The actuarial probability of treatment-related mortality was 9\% for HLA identical siblings and 44\% for alternative donor transplants (P=0.006). Response to DLI is predicted by tumor burden and is associated with GvHD and pancytopenia. This article was published in Bone Marrow Transplant and referenced in Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version