alexa Failure of potassium siphoning by Müller cells: a new hypothesis of perfluorocarbon liquid-induced retinopathy.
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Author(s): Winter M, Eberhardt W, Scholz C, Reichenbach A

Abstract Share this page

Abstract PURPOSE: To determine the effect of perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL)-induced abolition of potassium siphoning by the vitreal end feet of Miller cells. METHODS: Porcine eyecups were filled with stained balanced salt solution and PFCLs (perfluorodecalin, perfluorooctane, perfluoroperhydrophenanthrene or the semifluorocarbon perfluorohexylhexane). With optical coherence tomography, the distance between PFCL and retina was determined, and the size of the aqueous space covering the retinal surface was estimated. The data were used to calculate the retinal potassium siphoning into small aqueous volumes. RESULTS: The distance between PFCL and retinal surface was found to be less than 5 to 10 microm with any PFCL tested. The resultant volume of the aqueous space was too small to act as a sufficient sink for K+ ion siphoning. CONCLUSIONS: A certain threshold volume of vitreal fluid seems to be necessary for efficient buffering of intraretinal increases of K+ and perhaps other (e.g., H+) ions through the Müller cells. When the aqueous fluid is replaced by a PFCL (or by silicone oil) for longer periods, the outer retina becomes subject to long-lasting K+ accumulation, and consequent neurodegeneration and reactive gliosis occurs. The authors propose to search for new vitreous-substituting fluids with the capability to dissolve ions.
This article was published in Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

agrifoodaquavet@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

clinical_biochem@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

business@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

chemicaleng_chemistry@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

environmentalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

engineering@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

generalsci_healthcare@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

genetics_molbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

immuno_microbio@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

omics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

materialsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

mathematics_physics@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

medical@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

neuro_psychology@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

pharma@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

social_politicalsci@omicsonline.com

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords