Author(s): Barry A Edelstein
Falls among 144 hospitalized psychogeriatric residents (84 fallers and 60 non-fallers) were examined to identify fall risk factors. A logistic regression analysis using 26 intrinsic predictor variables correctly classified 74% of fallers and non-fallers. Three significant (p < .05) fall predictor variables were: cardiovascular disorder, psychotic disorder, and antipsychotic medication. An examination of 349 total and 84 representative falls revealed a larger percentage of falls taking place during the evening and in the bedroom, hallway, dining room, dayhall, outside, and bathroom. The majority of falls occurred while residents were walking or standing. Implications of the variables identified in the present research are discussed.