alexa Falls in older hospital inpatients and the effect of cognitive impairment: a secondary analysis of prevalence studies.
Healthcare

Healthcare

Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education

Author(s): Hrlein J, Halfens RJ, Dassen T, Lahmann NA

Abstract Share this page

Abstract AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare fall rates in older hospital inpatients with and without cognitive impairment. Relationships between age, gender, mobility, cognitive impairment, care dependency, urinary incontinence and medical disciplines were investigated. BACKGROUND: Falls are common in older people with cognitive impairment, but studies in the hospital setting are rare. DESIGN: A secondary analysis of three nationwide prevalence studies in German hospitals from the years 2005, 2006 and 2007 was conducted. METHOD: Trained staff nurses used a standardised instrument to collect data about accidental falls within the last two weeks in their institutions and about other patient characteristics. Data from 9246 patients aged 65 years or older from 37 hospitals were analysed. RESULTS: The fall rate for cognitively impaired patients was 12·9\%, while only 4·2\% of older persons without cognitive impairment experienced a fall. Comparison between medical disciplines showed great differences concerning fall risk for confused and non-confused inpatients. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the odds-ratio association of cognitive impairment and falls was 2·1 (CI 1·7-2·7). Higher age (OR 1·5, CI 1·2-1·9), greater care dependency (OR 1·6, CI 1·1-2·1), reduced mobility (OR 2·6, CI 1·9-3·7) and being a patient on a geriatric ward (OR 1·8, CI 1·1-2·9) were also statistically significant predictors in this model. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitively impaired older people constitute a high-risk group for accidental falls in hospitals. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Fall prevention strategies in the hospital setting should address cognitively impaired inpatients as an important high-risk group. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This article was published in J Clin Nurs and referenced in Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords