Author(s): McKay HA, Bailey DA, Wilkinson AA, Houston CS
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Familial resemblance of bone mineral density (BMD) was studied in the lumbar spine and three regions of the proximal femur in 41 biological mother-daughter (M-D), 42 mother-son (M-S), 24 mother-grandmother (M-G) pairs and 18 mother-grandmother-daughter (M-G-D) triads. Children were placed into three maturity categories based on an assessment of secondary sex characteristics and growth velocities. Two sets of standardized BMD Z-scores were derived for the children based on either their chronological age or their maturational status. These scores were compared with maternal Z-scores derived from age-specific norms. Similar comparisons were made between the Z-scores of the mothers and grandmothers. For all three regions of the proximal femur and for the total AP lumbar spine the correlations between Z-score values were similar and significant (P < 0.05) between the M-G and M-D pairs ranging from 0.41 to 0.57. In general, the familial correlations improved when maturity-status based Z-scores were used for comparison. The absolute BMD values measured in the grandmothers and the three maturity groups of the children--expressed as a percentage of the BMD of the mothers--showed that at the neck and the trochanteric regions of the proximal femur the late-pubescent girls and boys had a significantly (P < 0.05) greater bone density than their mothers (115-123\%), whereas at the AP spine these groups averaged only 88\% of their mothers BMD. This site differential was not apparent when comparing the post-menopausal grandmothers with the pre-menopausal mothers (80\% at both sites). Three generation comparisons demonstrated a strong familial resemblance in bone mineral density. The value of incorporating maturity-based versus chronological-based parameters for comparison with adult measures in studies that involve growing children at different stages of development was also demonstrated.
This article was published in Bone Miner
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism