Author(s): Liu C, Li BQ, Mi CC
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Abstract Gold-nanoparticle-based hyperthermia has attracted considerable attention in the recent ten years in cancer treatment. In hyperthermia-based cancer treatment, in order to produce efficient thermal therapy yet without excessive heat damage to human body, besides the steady-state thermal condition, the transient thermal response is of vital importance. As part of theoretical research associated with nanoparticle-mediated hyperthermia therapy for cancer treatment, the transient heat transfer process of laser interacting with gold nanoparticle in tissue-like medium is investigated. Within the framework of dual-phase-lag (DPL) model, this paper focuses on the microscopic heat transfer performance of a gold nanoparticle in a surrounding medium. A semianalytical solution of 1-D nonhomogenous DPL equation in spherical coordinates is presented for a heat transfer process with a constant laser heat source and a short-pulsed laser heating source. Results show that the transient temperature calculated by DPL model greatly exceeds that predicted by the classical diffusion model, with either a constant source or a pulsed source. This phenomenon is mainly attributed by the phase lag of heat flux in the surrounding tissue.
This article was published in IEEE Trans Nanobioscience
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology