Author(s): Carr A, Morey A, Mallon P, Williams D, Thorburn DR
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Abstract Acute hepatitis with lactic acidosis is a life-threatening but reversible toxic effect on mitochondria of HIV-1 nucleoside-analogue treatment. We report fatal portal hypertension, liver failure, and persistent mitochondrial dysfunction in a man aged 65 years with HIV-1 infection who had recovered from nucleoside-analogue-induced acute hepatitis and lactic acidaemia more than 18 months previously. We believe that symptom free patients who receive nucleoside-analogue therapy should have hepatic function constantly monitored, especially those with past or present lactic acidaemia.
This article was published in Lancet
and referenced in Journal of Antivirals & Antiretrovirals