alexa Fate and effects of anthropogenic chemicals in mangrove ecosystems: a review.
Toxicology

Toxicology

Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

Author(s): Lewis M, Pryor R, Wilking L, Lewis M, Pryor R, Wilking L

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Abstract The scientific literature for fate and effects of non-nutrient contaminant concentrations is skewed for reports describing sediment contamination and bioaccumulation for trace metals. Concentrations for at least 22 trace metals have been reported in mangrove sediments. Some concentrations exceed sediment quality guidelines suggesting adverse effects. Bioaccumulation results are available for at least 11 trace metals, 12 mangrove tissues, 33 mangrove species and 53 species of mangrove-habitat biota. Results are specific to species, tissues, life stage, and season and accumulated concentrations and bioconcentration factors are usually low. Toxicity tests have been conducted with 12 mangrove species and 8 species of mangrove-related fauna. As many as 39 effect parameters, most sublethal, have been monitored during the usual 3 to 6 month test durations. Generalizations and extrapolations for toxicity between species and chemicals are restricted by data scarcity and lack of experimental consistency. This hinders chemical risk assessments and validation of effects-based criteria. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This article was published in Environ Pollut and referenced in Journal of Environmental & Analytical Toxicology

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