Author(s): Schnfeld P, Wojtczak L
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Abstract Long-chain nonesterified ("free") fatty acids (FFA) and some of their derivatives and metabolites can modify intracellular production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), in particular O(2)(-) and H(2)O(2). In mitochondria, FFA exert a dual effect on ROS production. Because of slowing down the rate of electron flow through Complexes I and III of the respiratory chain due to interaction within the complex subunit structure, and between Complexes III and IV due to release of cytochrome c from the inner membrane, FFA increase the rate of ROS generation in the forward mode of electron transport. On the other hand, due to their protonophoric action on the inner mitochondrial membrane ("mild uncoupling effect"), FFA strongly decrease ROS generation in the reverse mode of electron transport. In the plasma membrane of phagocytic neutrophils and a number of other types of cells, polyunsaturated FFA stimulate O(2)(-) generation by NADPH oxidase. These effects of FFA can modulate signaling functions of ROS and be, at least partly, responsible for their proapoptotic effects in several types of cells.
This article was published in Free Radic Biol Med
and referenced in Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology