Author(s): Chassoux F, Rodrigo S, Semah F, Beuvon F, Landre E,
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Abstract OBJECTIVE: To determine the diagnostic accuracy and prognostic value of ¹⁸FDG-PET in a recent series of patients operated for intractable partial epilepsy associated with histologically proven Taylor-type focal cortical dysplasia (TTFCD) and negative MRI. METHODS: Of 23 consecutive patients (12 male, 7-38 years old) with negative 1.5-Tesla MRI, 10 exhibited subtle nonspecific abnormalities (e.g., unusual sulcus depth or gyral pattern) and the 13 others had strictly normal MRI. FDG-PET was analyzed both visually after coregistration on MRI and using SPM5 software. Metabolic data were compared with the epileptogenic zone (EZ) determined by stereo-EEG (SEEG) and surgical outcome. RESULTS: Visual PET analysis disclosed a focal or regional hypometabolism in 18 cases (78\%) corresponding to a single gyrus (n = 9) or a larger cortical region (n = 9). PET/MRI coregistration detected a partially hypometabolic gyrus in 4 additional cases. SPM5 PET analysis (n = 18) was concordant with visual analysis in 13 cases. Location of PET abnormalities was extratemporal in all cases, involving eloquent cortex in 15 (65\%). Correlations between SEEG, PET/MRI, and histologic findings (n = 20) demonstrated that single hypometabolic gyri (n = 11) corresponded to EZ and TTFCD, which was localized at the bottom of the sulcus. Larger hypometabolic areas (n = 9) also included the EZ and the dysplastic cortex but were more extensive. Following limited cortical resection (mean follow-up 4 years), seizure freedom without permanent motor deficit was obtained in 20/23 patients (87\%). CONCLUSIONS: ¹⁸FDG-PET coregistered with MRI is highly sensitive to detect TTFCD and greatly improves diagnosis and surgical prognosis of patients with negative MRI.
This article was published in Neurology
and referenced in International Journal of Neurorehabilitation