Author(s): Bomstein Y, Marder JB, Vitner K, Smirnov I, Lisaey G,
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Abstract Uncontrolled inflammation is considered to exacerbate the neuronal loss that follows spinal cord trauma. However, controlled inflammation response appears to be beneficial. Skin-coincubated macrophages injected into contused spinal cord of rats resulted in improved motor recovery and reduced spinal cyst formation. The macrophages express elevated levels of cell-surface molecules CD80, CD86, CD54 and MHC-II, markers characteristic of antigen presenting cells (APCs). Additionally, skin-coincubation elevates secretion of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), and reduces secretion of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). We propose that macrophages activated by skin-coincubation bolster neuroprotective immune activity in the spinal cord, making the environment less cytotoxic and less hostile to axonal regeneration.
This article was published in J Neuroimmunol
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy