alexa Feedback control of the auditory periphery: anti-masking effects of middle ear muscles vs. olivocochlear efferents.

Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Author(s): Liberman MC, Guinan JJ Jr

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Both MEM and MOC systems are sound-evoked reflexes to the auditory periphery which can be elicited by sound in either ear. Both MEM and MOC systems can increase thresholds in the auditory periphery: the MEM system acts by stiffening the ossicular chain, the MOC system by decreasing outer hair cell amplification of sound-induced motion in the inner ear. MEM-induced attenuations are largest for low frequency stimuli, MOC-induced attenuations are largest for mid- to high-frequency sounds. Both MEM and MOC systems can have anti-masking effects. The MEM reflex can decrease the masking of high-frequency signals by low-frequency noise (i.e., the upward spread of masking). The MOC reflex is complementary in that it minimizes masking of high-frequency transient signals by high-frequency continuous noise. MEM anti-masking arises by reducing suppressive masking and can improve masked thresholds at high frequencies. MOC anti-masking arises by counteracting excitatory masking. It does not improve masked thresholds, but can improve the detectability of small suprathreshold intensity increments. Anti-masking effects of both MEM and MOC systems should be reduced in cases of sensorineural hearing loss.
This article was published in J Commun Disord and referenced in Journal of Phonetics & Audiology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords