alexa Female Circumcision: Rite of Passage Or Violation of Rights?
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs

Author(s): Frances A Althaus

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Female circumcision, the partial or total cutting away of the external female genitalia, has been practiced for centuries in parts of Africa, generally as one element of a rite of passage preparing young girls for womanhood and marriage. Often performed without anesthetic under septic conditions by lay practitioners with little or no knowledge of human anatomy or medicine, female circumcision can cause death or permanent health problems as well as severe pain. Despite these grave risks, its practitioners look on it as an integral part of their cultural and ethnic identity, and some perceive it as a religious obligation.

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This article was published in International Family Planning Perspectives and referenced in Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs

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