alexa Fermentative production of self-toxic fungal secondary metabolites.


Fermentation Technology

Author(s): Singh MP, Leighton MM, Barbieri LR, Roll DM, Urbance SE,

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Abstract Fungi are well known for their vast diversity of secondary metabolites that include many life-saving drugs and highly toxic mycotoxins. In general, fungal cultures producing such metabolites are immune to their toxic effects. However, some are known to produce self-toxic compounds that can pose production optimization challenges if the metabolites are needed in large amounts for chemical modification. One such culture, LV-2841, was identified as the lead for one of our exploratory projects. This culture was found to be a slow grower that produced trace amounts of a known metabolite, cercosporamide, under the standard flask fermentation conditions, and extensive medium optimization studies failed to yield higher titers. Poor growth of the culture in liquid media was attributed to the self-toxicity of cercosporamide to the producing organism, and the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of cercosporamide was estimated to be in the range of 8-16 microg/ml. Fermentations carried out in media containing Diaion HP20 resin afforded significantly higher titers of the desired compound. While several examples of resin-based fermentations of soil streptomyces have been published, this approach has rarely been used for fungal fermentations. Over a 100-fold increase in the production titer of cercosporamide, a self-toxic secondary metabolite, was achieved by supplementing the production medium with a commercially available neutral adsorbent resin. This article was published in J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol and referenced in Fermentation Technology

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