Author(s): Starke PE, Farber JL
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Abstract Cultured hepatocytes pretreated with the ferric iron chelator deferoxamine were resistant to the toxicity of H2O2 generated by either glucose oxidase or by the metabolism of menadione (2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone). Ferric, ferrous, or cupric ions restored the sensitivity of the cells to H2O2. Deferoxamine added to hepatocytes previously treated with this chelator prevented the restoration of cell killing by only ferric iron. The free radical scavengers mannitol, thiourea, benzoate, and 4-methylmercapto-2-oxobutyrate protected either native cells exposed to H2O2 or pretreated hepatocytes exposed to H2O2 and given ferric or ferrous iron. Superoxide dismutase prevented the killing of native hepatocytes by either glucose oxidase or menadione. With deferoxamine-pretreated hepatocytes, superoxide dismutase prevented the cell killing dependent upon the addition of ferric but not ferrous iron. Catalase prevented the killing by menadione of deferoxamine-pretreated hepatocytes given either ferric or ferrous iron. Deferoxamine pretreatment did not prevent the toxicity of t-butyl hydroperoxide but did, however, prevent that of cumene hydroperoxide. It is concluded that both ferric iron and superoxide ions are required for the killing of cultured hepatocytes by H2O2. The toxicity of H2O2 is also dependent upon its reaction with ferrous iron to form hydroxyl radicals by the Fenton reaction. The ferrous iron needed for this reaction is formed by the reduction of cellular ferric iron by superoxide ions. Such a sequence corresponds to the so-called iron-catalyzed Haber-Weiss reaction, and the present report documents its participation in the killing of intact hepatocytes by H2O2. Cumene hydroperoxide but not t-butyl hydroperoxide closely models the toxicity of hydrogen peroxide.
This article was published in J Biol Chem
and referenced in Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry