alexa Ferritin heavy chain upregulation by NF-kappaB inhibits TNFalpha-induced apoptosis by suppressing reactive oxygen species.
Oncology

Oncology

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

Author(s): Pham CG, Bubici C, Zazzeroni F, Papa S, Jones J,

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Abstract During inflammation, NF-kappaB transcription factors antagonize apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)alpha. This antiapoptotic activity of NF-kappaB involves suppressing the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and controlling the activation of the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) cascade. However, the mechanism(s) by which NF-kappaB inhibits ROS accumulation is unclear. We identify ferritin heavy chain (FHC)--the primary iron storage factor--as an essential mediator of the antioxidant and protective activities of NF-kappaB. FHC is induced downstream of NF-kappaB and is required to prevent sustained JNK activation and, thereby, apoptosis triggered by TNFalpha. FHC-mediated inhibition of JNK signaling depends on suppressing ROS accumulation and is achieved through iron sequestration. These findings establish a basis for the NF-kappaB-mediated control of ROS induction and identify a mechanism by which NF-kappaB suppresses proapoptotic JNK signaling. Our results suggest modulation of FHC or, more broadly, of iron metabolism as a potential approach for anti-inflammatory therapy. This article was published in Cell and referenced in Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy

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