Author(s): Blaicher W, Husler M, Gembruch U, Bollmann R, Terinde R,
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Abstract AIM: Foeto-amniotic shunting is an ultrasound-guided, therapeutic intervention for drainage of persistent intracavital fluid retention in severely affected foetuses with a high risk of mortality. In order to weigh up the comparatively high risk of intervention against the possible benefit, we evaluated the value of different indications, the complication rate and the time span of drains in situ. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We made a survey of all level III ultrasound centres of German-speaking countries from 1993 to 2001. Six level III centres returned the questionnaire: forty-seven foeto-amniotic shunting procedures were performed in 30 foetuses [megacystis in 18 foetuses (three of these with urinary ascites), hydrothorax in eight foetuses, hydronephrosis in two foetuses, cystic adenomatoid malformation of the lung in one foetus, ovarian cyst in one foetus]. RESULTS: The median gestational age at time of shunting was 23.5 (range 16 - 33) weeks, at time of delivery 35 (range 23 - 41) weeks. The median time span of drains in situ was 19 (range 0 - 170) days. Altogether 18 of 30 foetuses (60 \%) had a benefit of foeto-amniotic shunting. CONCLUSION: The best possible selection of pregnancies which might profit from foeto-amniotic shunting is required. The decisive criteria are the underlying defect as well as the severity and progression of the disorder.
This article was published in Ultraschall Med
and referenced in Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy