alexa Fetuin-A and CD40 L plasma levels in acute ischemic stroke: differences in relation to TOAST subtype and correlation with clinical and laboratory variables.
Diabetes & Endocrinology

Diabetes & Endocrinology

Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

Author(s): Tuttolomondo A, Di Raimondo D, Di Sciacca R, Casuccio A, Bivona G,

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Abstract INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence suggests that inflammation plays an important role in the acute phase of ischemic stroke. CD40 L is a well recognized atherosclerotic inflammatory marker, whereas recent evidence suggests a pro-inflammatory role of Fetuin-A. To analyze the role of an inflammatory marker such as CD40 L and of a candidate pro-inflammatory marker such as Fetuin-A in acute stroke we evaluated their serum levels in subjects with acute ischemic stroke and their possible association with other laboratory and clinical variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 107 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Internal Medicine Department at the University of Palermo between November 2006 and January 2008, and 102 hospitalized control patients without a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. RESULTS: Patients with acute ischemic stroke in comparison to control subjects without acute ischemic stroke had significantly higher CD40 L levels and Fetuin-A serum levels. No significant differences in plasma CD40 L or Fetuin-A levels among different TOAST groups were detected. At intragroup (intra-TOAST-subtype) correlation analysis, among subjects classified as lacunar, CD40 L plasma levels were positively correlated with LDL-cholesterol and with diabetes, whereas Fetuin-A was significantly (positively) correlated with hypertension and white blood cell count. Among subjects with LAAS subtype, CD40 L levels were positively correlated with triglyceride plasma levels and Fetuin-A, whereas Fetuin-A levels were positively correlated with LDL-cholesterol. DISCUSSION: Our findings suggest a pro-inflammatory role of Fetuin-A and CD40 L in acute stroke setting. Whether this role should be construed as direct or as a simple expression of a general inflammatory activation will be up to future studies to clarify. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved. This article was published in Atherosclerosis and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism

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