alexa Fetuin-A protects against atherosclerotic calcification in CKD.
Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Bioinformatics & Systems Biology

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Author(s): Westenfeld R, Schfer C, Krger T, Haarmann C, Schurgers LJ,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract Reduced serum levels of the calcification inhibitor fetuin-A associate with increased cardiovascular mortality in dialysis patients. Fetuin-A-deficient mice display calcification of various tissues but notably not of the vasculature. This absence of vascular calcification may result from the protection of an intact endothelium, which becomes severely compromised in the setting of atherosclerosis. To test this hypothesis, we generated fetuin-A/apolipoprotein E (ApoE)-deficient mice and compared them with ApoE-deficient and wild-type mice with regard to atheroma formation and extraosseous calcification. We assigned mice to three treatment groups for 9 wk: (1) Standard diet, (2) high-phosphate diet, or (3) unilateral nephrectomy (causing chronic kidney disease [CKD]) plus high-phosphate diet. Serum urea, phosphate, and parathyroid hormone levels were similar in all genotypes after the interventions. Fetuin-A deficiency did not affect the extent of aortic lipid deposition, neointima formation, and coronary sclerosis observed with ApoE deficiency, but the combination of fetuin-A deficiency, hyperphosphatemia, and CKD led to a 15-fold increase in vascular calcification in this model of atherosclerosis. Fetuin-A deficiency almost exclusively promoted intimal rather than medial calcification of atheromatous lesions. High-phosphate diet and CKD also led to an increase in valvular calcification and aorta-associated apoptosis, with wild-type mice having the least, ApoE-deficient mice intermediate, and fetuin-A/ApoE-deficient mice the most. In addition, the combination of fetuin-A deficiency, high-phosphate diet, and CKD in ApoE-deficient mice greatly enhanced myocardial calcification, whereas the absence of fetuin-A did not affect the incidence of renal calcification. In conclusion, fetuin-A inhibits pathologic calcification in both the soft tissue and vasculature, even in the setting of atherosclerosis.
This article was published in J Am Soc Nephrol and referenced in Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords