alexa Fibrin enhances differentiation, but not apoptosis, and limits hypoxic injury of cultured term human trophoblasts.
Haematology

Haematology

Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Author(s): Humphrey RG, Smith SD, Pang L, Sadovsky Y, Nelson DM

Abstract Share this page

Abstract We hypothesized that fibrin enhances apoptosis and modulates differentiation of trophoblast in vitro. Cytotrophoblasts isolated from normal term human placentas were cultured < or =72 h in DMEM-10\%-FBS on a fibrin matrix in standard or hypoxic conditions. Trophoblasts were cultured on plastic (control), type I collagen (matrix control), or dishes with fibrinogen, fibrin degradation products (FDP), thrombin, plasma fibronectin or cellular fibronectin. Apoptosis was determined by western analysis of the cleavage products of poly-ADP-ribose polymerase and cytokeratin 18 and caspase 3 activity. Cell cycle regulation was quantified by expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and p27 protein. Differentiation was determined by media level of hCG and hPL. Compared to the two controls, fibrin matrix had no effect on trophoblast apoptosis or total cell death in standard conditions. Neither fibrin nor collagen altered expression of PCNA or p27. In contrast, fibrin significantly increased the secretion of both hCG and hPL. Fibrin, but not FDP, thrombin or fibronectins, promoted hormonal differentiation. Fibrin limited the impact of a < or =8h of hypoxia on trophoblast hormone release but did not avert the effects of 24h of low oxygen and did not alter apoptosis in hypoxic trophoblast. We conclude that fibrin provides an environment conducive for trophoblast re-epithelialization of the surface of villi, where injury is marked by fibrin deposition. This article was published in Placenta and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion

Relevant Expert PPTs

Relevant Speaker PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Relevant Topics

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords