Author(s): Humphrey RG, Smith SD, Pang L, Sadovsky Y, Nelson DM
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Abstract We hypothesized that fibrin enhances apoptosis and modulates differentiation of trophoblast in vitro. Cytotrophoblasts isolated from normal term human placentas were cultured < or =72 h in DMEM-10\%-FBS on a fibrin matrix in standard or hypoxic conditions. Trophoblasts were cultured on plastic (control), type I collagen (matrix control), or dishes with fibrinogen, fibrin degradation products (FDP), thrombin, plasma fibronectin or cellular fibronectin. Apoptosis was determined by western analysis of the cleavage products of poly-ADP-ribose polymerase and cytokeratin 18 and caspase 3 activity. Cell cycle regulation was quantified by expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and p27 protein. Differentiation was determined by media level of hCG and hPL. Compared to the two controls, fibrin matrix had no effect on trophoblast apoptosis or total cell death in standard conditions. Neither fibrin nor collagen altered expression of PCNA or p27. In contrast, fibrin significantly increased the secretion of both hCG and hPL. Fibrin, but not FDP, thrombin or fibronectins, promoted hormonal differentiation. Fibrin limited the impact of a < or =8h of hypoxia on trophoblast hormone release but did not avert the effects of 24h of low oxygen and did not alter apoptosis in hypoxic trophoblast. We conclude that fibrin provides an environment conducive for trophoblast re-epithelialization of the surface of villi, where injury is marked by fibrin deposition.
This article was published in Placenta
and referenced in Journal of Blood Disorders & Transfusion