Author(s): Lund T, Svindland A, Pepaj M, Jensen AB, Berg JP,
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Abstract Diabetes is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) are considered to be a major pathogenic factor for diabetic vascular complications. The levels of AGEs are increased in diabetic patients. We have studied the presence of the major AGE methylglyoxal (MGO)-derived hydroimidazolone in human aorta and carotid arteries, using immunohistochemistry (IHC), western blotting and mass spectrometry. By IHC, MGO-derived modifications were detected mainly associated with cells in intimal thickenings and cells in microvessels in adventitia. In type V lesions MGO-derived AGE was also present, extracellular in the necrotic core and in cells at the border of the core. The highest degree of modification was probably associated with cell nuclei. By western blotting and mass spectrometry fibrin(ogen), the cytoskeleton-associated protein moesin and the nuclear proteins lamin A and C were identified as putative main targets for MGO-derived modification. LC-MS/MS studies of fibrin(ogen) modified in vitro with low concentrations of MGO identified the sites that were most prone to modification. These results indicate that AGE modifications occur preferentially on specific proteins. The modification of these proteins may play a role in vascular dysfunction and development of atherosclerosis in diabetes.
This article was published in Diab Vasc Dis Res
and referenced in Journal of Diabetes & Metabolism