Author(s): Finesmith TH, Broadley KN, Davidson JM
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Abstract Wound contraction is one function of granulation tissue which is critical to repair. This study compares the ability of fibroblast-like cells derived from granulation tissue of various ages to contract a tissue equivalent, or a collagen gel, and examines the influence of growth factors implicated in wound repair on collagen gel contraction by these different cell populations. Cells from older granulation tissue (21 and 28 days) have an enhanced ability to contract a tissue equivalent when compared to cells from younger granulation tissue (7 and 14 days) or normal rat skin fibroblasts. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1) enhanced contractility most in those cells which had a greater basal contractile ability. While basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) alone had moderately stimulatory effects at low doses (0.1-1.0 ng/ml), higher doses (greater than or equal to 10 ng/ml) inhibited basal contraction. Pretreatment with bFGF followed by exposure to TGF-beta 1, with or without the continued presence of bFGF, delayed gel contraction by cells from skin and early granulation tissue, but bFGF enhanced TGF-beta 1 activity in highly contractile cells. Transforming growth factor-alpha moderately enhanced contraction by cells from older granulation tissue. While both TGF-beta 1 and bFGF enhanced wound repair, their differential effects on the fibroblast-like cell derived from granulation tissue of different ages suggest that phenotypic differences exist between these cell populations. In addition, our results predict significant interactions between polypeptide cytokines at the site of repair.
This article was published in J Cell Physiol
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta