Author(s): Eustice DC, Wilhelm JM
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Abstract A homologous in vitro method was developed from Tetrahymena for ribosomal A-site binding of aminoacyl-tRNA to poly(uridylic acid)-programmed ribosomes with very low error frequency. The reaction mixture pH was the crucial factor in the stable A-site association of aminoacyl-tRNA with high fidelity. At a pH greater than 7.1, endogenous activity translocated A-site-bound aminoacyl-tRNA to the P site. If translocation was allowed to occur, a near-cognate amino-acyl-tRNA, Leu-tRNA, could stably bind to the ribosome by translocation to the ribosomal P site. Near-cognate aminoacyl-tRNA did not stably bind to either site when translocation was blocked. Misreading antibiotics stimulated the stable association of near-cognate aminoacyl-tRNA to the ribosomal A site, thereby increasing the error frequency by several orders of magnitude. Ribosome binding of total aminoacyl-tRNA near equilibrium was not inhibited by misreading antibiotics; however, initial rate kinetics of the binding reaction were dramatically altered such that a 6-fold rate increase was observed with paromomycin or hygromycin B. The rate increase was evident with both cognate and near-cognate aminoacyl-tRNAs. Several antibiotics were tested for misreading potency by the ribosome binding method. We found gentamicin G418 greater than paromomycin greater than neomycin greater than hygromycin B greater than streptomycin in the potentiation of misreading. Tetracycline group antibiotics effectively inhibited A-site aminoacyl-tRNA binding without promoting misreading.
This article was published in Biochemistry
and referenced in Journal of Molecular and Genetic Medicine