Author(s): Ijzerman MM, Falkinham JO, Reneau RB, Hagedorn C, Ijzerman MM, Falkinham JO, Reneau RB, Hagedorn C, Ijzerman MM, Falkinham JO, Reneau RB, Hagedorn C, Ijzerman MM, Falkinham JO, Reneau RB, Hagedorn C
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Abstract Two new methods for coliphage detection, a colorimetric agar-based (CAB) method and a liquid colorimetric presence-absence (LCPA) method, were compared to the coliphage method proposed by the American Public Health Association (APHA; Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 18th ed., American Public Health Association, Washington, D.C., 1992). Both new methods are based on the induction of beta-galactosidase in Escherichia coli and the release of the enzyme through a lytic cell infection. The released enzyme then cleaves a chromogenic substrate which produces a colored reaction product. Ninety split water samples from four different sources were tested. A total of 52 samples were positive by the CAB method, 52 were positive by the LCPA method, and 53 were positive by the APHA method. Results indicated that (i) the CAB and LCPA methods were as sensitive in coliphage detection as the APHA method, (ii) both the CAB and LCPA methods were easier to read and interpret than the APHA method, and (iii) the CAB method detected more coliphages in a positive sample than the APHA method in two of the four types of water sources. Importantly, the rapid and simple LCPA method was as reliable and sensitive as either of the two agar-based methods in coliphage detection.
This article was published in Appl Environ Microbiol
and referenced in Journal of Chemical Engineering & Process Technology