Author(s): Di Donato RM, Fyfe DA, Puga FJ, Danielson GK, Ritter DG,
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Abstract From 1965 until March, 1982, 167 patients underwent surgical repair of truncus arteriosus. The age at operation ranged from 18 days to 33 years (mean 6 years). There were 48 hospital deaths (28.7\%). The following factors had a positive correlation with the possibility of a surgical death: age at operation less than 2 years (p less than 0.001), a postrepair pulmonary arterial/left ventricular pressure ratio greater than 0.5 for patients with two pulmonary arteries (p less than 0.001) and greater than 0.6 for patients with unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery (p less than 0.02), and a postrepair right ventricular/left ventricular pressure ratio greater than 0.8 (p less than 0.008). The 119 hospital survivors were followed up for a total of 829 person-years. Late survival rate at 5 years was 84.4\% and at 10 years, 68.8\%. Preoperative factors that correlated with a reduced long-term survival rate were as follows: increasing age at operation (p = 0.004), the presence of moderate or severe truncal valve insufficiency (p = 0.008), lower pulmonary/systemic flow ratio (p = 0.04), and unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery (p less than 0.001). Thirty-six patients required reoperation during the follow-up period (30\%) primarily for replacement of the right ventricular-pulmonary arterial conduit and/or for truncal valve replacement. The long-term results obtained in these patients support the need for early repair of the anomaly, improvement in the methods for control or repair of the truncal valve insufficiency, and the continued search for better extracardiac valved conduits.
This article was published in J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg
and referenced in Journal of Vascular Medicine & Surgery