alexa Firefighting and risk of testicular cancer: results from a German population-based case-control study.
Social & Political Sciences

Social & Political Sciences

Journal of Defense Management

Author(s): Stang A, Jckel KH, BaumgardtElms C, Ahrens W, Stang A, Jckel KH, BaumgardtElms C, Ahrens W

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Abstract BACKGROUND: There is some evidence of an elevated risk for testicular cancer among firefighters. METHODS: We performed a population-based case-control study including 269 testicular cancer cases and 797 controls matching on age and region with a special focus on occupational exposures. Job tasks were coded according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 68). We used conditional logistic regression to calculate odds ratios (OR). RESULTS: Three controls (0.4\%) and four cases (1.5\%) ever worked as firefighters. Firefighters showed an increased odds of testicular cancer in the matched evaluation (OR = 4.3, 95\% confidence interval (95\% CI) 0.7-30.5). The adjustment for a history of cryptorchidism or family history of testicular cancer did not alter our results. CONCLUSION: Although the association between firefighting and testicular cancer risk is based on only small numbers of exposed subjects in our study, the finding is consistent with a recent cohort study from New Zealand. Occupational hazards experienced by firefighters may increase the risk of testicular cancer. Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc. This article was published in Am J Ind Med and referenced in Journal of Defense Management

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