Author(s): Perin EC, Silva GV, Fernandes MR, Munger T, Pandey A,
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Abstract AIMS: The purpose of this preclinical feasibility study was to evaluate a novel integrated platform in which magnetic navigation is used to remotely guide electromechanical mapping of the left ventricle (LV) and transendocardial cell injections. Using an integrated remote system would greatly facilitate intramyocardial delivery of stem cells for treating ischaemic heart disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the computer-controlled Stereotaxis magnetic navigation system to guide the NOGA electromechanical mapping system in mapping viable myocardium in the LV of seven pigs. We then tested the feasibility of this system to perform transendocardial injections in three of the pigs and to deliver mesenchymal precursor cells (MPCs) to targeted myocardial segments in four of the pigs. The success or failure of each injection was determined by myocardial contrast staining in the first group and by histopathologic analysis in the last group. The mean time (+/-SD) spent mapping the LV for each pig was 49.3+/-10.6 min. The success rate for transendocardial injections was 94.4\%, as indicated by myocardial contrast staining. There was a 95.8\% success rate for targeted injections of MPCs, and 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole-labeled MPCs were detected in all but one segment of one pig. No epicardial haemorrhage or injury was observed, although there was some venous drainage. CONCLUSIONS: The integrated Stereotaxis/NOGA system has excellent remote navigability inside the LV cavity while sparing the operator from radiation exposure. This system also allows transendocardial cell injections to be performed with a high success rate. Further studies are needed to define the safety profile of this system for clinical use.
This article was published in EuroIntervention
and referenced in Journal of Genetic Syndromes & Gene Therapy