Author(s): Ehtisham S, Hattersley AT, Dunger DB, Barrett TG British Soci, Ehtisham S, Hattersley AT, Dunger DB, Barrett TG British Soci, Ehtisham S, Hattersley AT, Dunger DB, Barrett TG British Soci, Ehtisham S, Hattersley AT, Dunger DB, Barrett TG British Soci
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Abstract AIMS: To estimate the UK prevalence of childhood type 2 diabetes and maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY), and distinguish them from each other and from type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The British Society for Paediatric Endocrinology and Diabetes Clinical Trials/Audit Group undertook a cross-sectional questionnaire survey of all paediatric diabetes centres during 2000, collecting data on all children with non-type 1 diabetes. RESULTS: Of 112 children reported to the survey, 25 had type 2 diabetes and 20 had MODY. In contrast to type 1, type 2 patients presented later (12.8 v 9.3 years), were usually female, overweight, or obese (92\% v 28\%), and a greater proportion were of ethnic minority origin (56\% v 22\%). In contrast to type 2, MODY patients were younger (10.8 years), less likely to be overweight or obese (50\% v 92\%), and none were from ethnic minority groups. The crude minimum UK prevalence of type 2 diabetes under 16 years is 0.21/100 000, and of MODY is 0.17/100 000. South Asian children have a relative risk of type 2 diabetes of 13.7 compared to white UK children. CONCLUSIONS: UK children still have a low prevalence of type 2 diabetes. Children from ethnic minorities are at significantly higher risk, but in white UK children with non-type 1 diabetes a diagnosis of MODY is as likely as type 2 diabetes. Childhood type 2 diabetes is characterised by insulin resistance, and is distinct from both type 1 and MODY.
This article was published in Arch Dis Child
and referenced in Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy