Author(s): Kanupriya, Dipti P, Sharma SK, Sairam M, Ilavazhagan G,
Abstract Share this page
Abstract The study was carried out to determine the relative efficacies of polyphenolic flavonoids, quercetin, catechin and epicatechin against tert-BOOH induced oxidative stress in human macrophage, U-937 cell line. Exposure of the cells to tert-BOOH oxidative stress resulted in a significant increase in cytotoxicity and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. Further, a significant decrease in mitochondrial membrane potential and increase in lipid peroxidation and DNA damage was observed in cells exposed to tert-BOOH. Pretreatment of cells with quercetin, catechin and epicatechin significantly inhibited tert-BOOH induced cytotoxicity by inhibiting ROS generation. The flavonoids inhibited DNA damage induced by tert-BOOH and preserved the mitochondrial transmembrane potential significantly. Epicatechin and catechin were found to be more efficient than quercetin in inhibiting tert-BOOH induced cellular damage.
This article was published in Food Chem Toxicol
and referenced in Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry