Author(s): Kristensen M, Jensen MG, Aarestrup J, Petersen KE, Sndergaard L,
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Dietary fibers have been proposed to play a role in cardiovascular risk as well as body weight management. Flaxseeds are a good source of dietary fibers, and a large proportion of these are water-soluble viscous fibers. METHOD: Here, we examine the effect of flaxseed dietary fibers in different food matrices on blood lipids and fecal excretion of fat and energy in a double-blind randomized crossover study with 17 subjects. Three different 7-d diets were tested: a low-fiber control diet (Control), a diet with flaxseed fiber drink (3/day) (Flax drink), and a diet with flaxseed fiber bread (3/day) (Flax bread). Total fat and energy excretion was measured in feces, blood samples were collected before and after each period, and appetite sensation registered 3 times daily before main meals. RESULTS: Compared to control, Flax drink lowered fasting total-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol by 12 and 15\%, respectively, (p < 0.01), whereas Flax bread only produced a reduction of 7 and 9\%, respectively (p < 0.05). Fecal fat and energy excretion increased by 50 and 23\% with Flax drink consumption compared to control (p < 0.05), but only fecal fat excretion was increased with Flax bread compared to control (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Both Flax drink and Flax bread resulted in decreased plasma total and LDL-cholesterol and increased fat excretion, but the food matrix and/or processing may be of importance. Viscous flaxseed dietary fibers may be a useful tool for lowering blood cholesterol and potentially play a role in energy balance. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00953004.
This article was published in Nutr Metab (Lond)
and referenced in Journal of Nutrition & Food Sciences