Author(s): Miyake T, Haneda K, Yoshino S, Nishizawa M
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Abstract Similar to conventional electrolyte batteries, biofuel cells often need to be stacked in order to boost their single cell voltage (<1 V) up to a practical level. Here, we report a laminated stack of biofuel cells that is composed of bioanode fabrics for fructose oxidation, hydrogel sheets containing electrolyte and fuel (fructose), and O(2)-diffusion biocathode fabrics. The anode and cathode fabrics were prepared by modifying fructose dehydrogenase and bilirubin oxidase, respectively, on carbon nanotubes-decorated carbon fiber fabrics. The total thickness of the single set of anode/gel/cathode sheets is just 1.1mm. The laminated triple-layer stack produces an open-circuit voltage of 2.09 V, which is a 2.8-fold increase over that of a single set cell (0.74 V). The present layered cell (5 mm × 5 mm) produces a maximum power of 0.64 mW at 1.21 V, a level that is sufficient to drive light-emitting diodes. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
This article was published in Biosens Bioelectron
and referenced in Journal of Bioengineering and Bioelectronics