Author(s): Soback S, Paape MJ, Filep R, Varma KJ
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Abstract Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol 30\% injectable solution was determined in lactating cows after intravenous, intramammary and intramuscular administration. Serum concentration-time data generated in the present study were analysed by non-compartmental methods based on statistical moment theory. Florfenicol half-life was 176 min, mean residence time 129 min, volume of distribution at steady-state 0.35 L/kg, and total body clearance 2.7 mL/min.kg after intravenous administration at 20 mg/kg. The absorption after intramuscular administration appeared slow and the kinetic parameters and the serum concentration vs. time curve were characteristic of absorption rate-dependent elimination. The absorption after intramammary administration of florfenicol at 20 mg/kg was good (53.9\%) and resulted in serum concentrations with apparent clinical significance. The intramammary administration resulted in serum florfenicol concentrations that were significantly higher than the respective serum concentrations following intravenous administration 4 h after administration and thereafter. Florfenicol absorption was faster from the mammary gland than from the muscle. The maximum serum concentrations (Cmax) were 6.9 micrograms/mL at 360 min after intramammary administration and 2.3 micrograms/mL at 180 min after intramuscular administration. The bioavailability of florfenicol was 54\% and 38\% after intramammary and intramuscular administration, respectively. The Cmax in milk was 5.4 micrograms/mL at 180 min after intravenous and 1.6 micrograms/mL at 600 min after intramuscular administration.
This article was published in J Vet Pharmacol Ther
and referenced in Pharmaceutica Analytica Acta