alexa Fluorescence properties of (E,E,E)-1,6-di(n-naphthyl)-1,3,5-hexatriene (n = 1, 2): effects of internal rotation.


Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry

Author(s): Sonoda Y, Shimoi Y, Goto M, Tohnai N, Kanesato M

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Abstract The fluorescence spectroscopic properties of (E,E,E)-1,6-di(n-naphthyl)-1,3,5-hexatrienes (1, n = 1; 2, n = 2) have been investigated in solution and in the solid state. In solution, the absorption maxima (λ(a)) of the lowest-energy band (1, 374 nm; 2, 376 nm in methylcyclohexane) were similar for 1 and 2, whereas the fluorescence maxima (λ(f)) (1, 545 nm; 2, 453 nm) and quantum yields (φ(f)) (1, 0.046; 2, 0.68) were very different regardless of the solvent polarity. The fluorescence spectrum of 1 was independent of the excitation wavelength (λ(ex)), whereas the spectrum of 2 was weakly λ(ex)-dependent. In the solid state, the spectroscopic properties of 1 and 2 were similar (λ(a) = 437-438 nm, λ(f) = 496-505 nm, φ(f) = 0.04-0.07). The origins of emission are both considered to be mainly monomeric. With the help of single-crystal X-ray structure analysis and ab initio quantum chemical calculation, we conclude that the red-shifted and weak emission of 1 in solution originates from a planar excited state having small charge transfer character, reached from a twisted Franck-Condon state by the excited-state geometrical relaxation accompanied by the internal rotation around the naphthalene (Ar)-CH single bond. The similar fluorescence properties of 1 and 2 in the solid state can be attributed to the restriction of the geometrical relaxation. The effects of the Ar-CH rotational isomerism on the fluorescence properties in solution, for 2 in particular, are also discussed. This article was published in J Phys Chem A and referenced in Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry

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