Author(s): Manafi M, Kneifel W, Bascomb S
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Abstract Methods based on the application of chromogenic and fluorogenic substrates enable specific and rapid detection of a variety of bacterial enzymatic activities. By using these techniques, enzymatic reactions can be examined simultaneously or individually, either directly on the isolation plate or in cell suspensions. For this purpose, various testing principles and test kits for clinical and food microbiology have been introduced successfully during the last few years. In this paper we present a survey of different enzymes of microbial origin that are utilized for microbiological identification and differentiation and the corresponding methods. Particular emphasis is given to the examination of Escherichia coli and the description of the different techniques as used in routine analysis.
This article was published in Microbiol Rev
and referenced in Journal of Biosensors & Bioelectronics