Author(s): Peishan X, Yuzhen Y, Haoquan Q, Qiaoling L
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Abstract Terpenoid lactones in Ginkgo biloba leaves are the main active constituents and the content of these terpenes is therefore the key factor for evaluating the quality of the leaves, the extract, and its preparations distributed on the market. The precleanup sample solutions were applied onto the silica gel plate modified with sodium acetate solution and developed with a solvent system of toluene-ethyl acetate-acetone-methanol, and a fluorescence chromatogram was generated by means of postchromatographic thermal chemical reaction. Fluorescence scanning was conducted quantitatively. The methodology validation confirmed that it is a practical alternative for routine quality control for ginkgo terpenes and the results are comparable with those obtained by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). On the basis of the method established, a quality survey of the various commercial ginkgo products from different sources was undertaken. The obtained data demonstrated that the fluctuation of the content of individual terpene and/or the total terpenes among replicate samples is so significant as to cast doubts on the consistency of their pharmacological and clinical efficacy.
This article was published in J AOAC Int
and referenced in Journal of Chromatography & Separation Techniques