alexa Folate-immunoglobulin G as an anticancer therapeutic antibody.


Immunotherapy: Open Access

Author(s): Li H, Lu Y, Piao L, Wu J, Yang X, , Li H, Lu Y, Piao L, Wu J, Yang X, , Li H, Lu Y, Piao L, Wu J, Yang X, , Li H, Lu Y, Piao L, Wu J, Yang X,

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Abstract Folate receptor-alpha (FR) is a promising cellular marker for tumor-specific drug delivery. Conjugation of folic acid to therapeutic and imaging agents has been shown to enhance their delivery to FR (+) cancer cells in vitro and in tumor-bearing mice via an FR-mediated cellular uptake mechanism. In this study, immunoglobulin G (IgG) was conjugated to folate and evaluated as a therapeutic antibody against folate receptor (FR)-positive tumors. Murine IgG (mIgG) was conjugated to folate via an amide bond to yield folate-conjugated mIgG (f-mIgG) that contained an average of approximately 2.6 folates per molecule. Selective uptake of f-IgG by FR (+) tumor cells was determined by fluorescence microscopy and by flow cytometry. Lysis of L1210JF cells by NK cells from murine donors was increased 1.4-9.0-fold at the effector:target (E:T) ratio of 25:1, relative to control mIgG. In mice bearing L1210JF tumors, f-mIgG was found to significantly inhibit tumor growth and to have prolonged the median survival time (MeST). Significantly, the antitumor efficacy of f-mIgG was greatly increased when combined with liposomal G3139, an 18-mer phosphorothioate oligonucleotide. In fact, the combination resulted in a 100\% cure rate among the tumor-bearing mice. Injection of f-mIgG significantly increased serum INF-gamma and IL-6 level in mice compared with mIgG and dramatically increased serum INF-gamma and IL-6 level when combined with liposomal G3139. These results suggested that f-IgG, a novel immunotherapy agent, has potent activity as a therapeutic antibody to the FR-positive cancer, and the therapeutic activity is enhanced by immunomodulatory agents.
This article was published in Bioconjug Chem and referenced in Immunotherapy: Open Access

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