Author(s): Stoji A, Maleti D, Stanii Stoji S, Miji Z, otari A
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Abstract In this study, advanced multivariate methods were applied for VOC source apportionment and subsequent short-term forecast of industrial- and vehicle exhaust-related contributions in Belgrade urban area (Serbia). The VOC concentrations were measured using PTR-MS, together with inorganic gaseous pollutants (NOx, NO, NO2, SO2, and CO), PM10, and meteorological parameters. US EPA Positive Matrix Factorization and Unmix receptor models were applied to the obtained dataset both resolving six source profiles. For the purpose of forecasting industrial- and vehicle exhaust-related source contributions, different multivariate methods were employed in two separate cases, relying on meteorological data, and on meteorological data and concentrations of inorganic gaseous pollutants, respectively. The results indicate that Boosted Decision Trees and Multi-Layer Perceptrons were the best performing methods. According to the results, forecasting accuracy was high (lowest relative error of only 6\%), in particular when the forecast was based on both meteorological parameters and concentrations of inorganic gaseous pollutants. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.
This article was published in Sci Total Environ
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology