alexa Foreign body aspiration: demographic trends and foreign bodies posing a risk.
Pulmonology

Pulmonology

Journal of Lung Diseases & Treatment

Author(s): Mukherjee M, Paul R

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Abstract This study was done to find out modern demographic trends of aspiration and different foreign bodies posing a risk. For this study, 94 patients with suspected foreign body aspiration (FBA) were selected. Detailed history, especially age, suspected Foreign body (FB) and mode of onset were noted and a thorough clinical examination was done. X-ray chest and neck, antero-posterior and lateral view was the only investigation done in all. Rigid bronchoscopy under general anaesthesia was done in all the cases of suspected FBA for diagnostic cum therapeutic purpose. Among 94 patients 70.2\% i.e. 66 were within 5 years of age and most were within 2-3 years of age. Rigid bronchoscopy was done in all the cases and foreign body was successfully retrieved in 78.7\% of cases. Bronchoscopy was negative in the rest of the cases. The Most common site of lodgment was the right bronchus followed by the left bronchus, the trachea and other sites. Vegetables were the most common FBs as they were found in 26 cases. Whistles from small plastic toys were the single most common FB(15). Other foreign bodies were small plastic and metallic parts, safety pins, jewellery etc. Children under 5 years of age are at greatest risk of FBA. Different vegetables and whistles of low grade toys are the most commonly aspirated FB. Detailed history is most important for diagnosis. X-ray is not a reliable tool for diagnosis. Bronchoscopy should be done whenever a foreign body is suspected in the airway.
This article was published in Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg and referenced in Journal of Lung Diseases & Treatment

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