Author(s): Shimoda C
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Abstract In the yeasts Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, sporulation involves de novo synthesis of forespore membrane (FSM) within the cytoplasm of mother cells. The FSM ultimately becomes the plasma membrane of the developing ascospores. Several protein components of the FSM have been identified. Visualization of these proteins has demonstrated the dynamic nature of the genesis and development of the FSM. It begins to develop at the differentiated outer plaque of the spindle pole bodies (SPBs) and extends outwards, encapsulating each of the haploid nuclei produced by meiosis. Several coiled-coil proteins are specifically recruited to the SPBs and play indispensable roles in FSM assembly. Temporal and spatial coordination of meiotic nuclear divisions and membrane assembly is of special importance. Comparison of the processes of FSM assembly in these yeasts shows that the basic mechanism has been conserved, even though the individual proteins involved are often different. Understanding these dynamic aspects of yeast sporulation will help to elucidate a general mechanism for the cellularization of cytoplasm containing multiple nuclei.
This article was published in J Cell Sci
and referenced in Journal of Bioremediation & Biodegradation