alexa Formation of 3-nitrotyrosines in carbonic anhydrase III is a sensitive marker of oxidative stress in skeletal muscle.
Pathology

Pathology

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

Author(s): Vasilaki A, Simpson D, McArdle F, McLean L, Beynon RJ,

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Abstract Oxidation of skeletal muscle proteins has been reported to occur following contractions, with ageing, and with a variety of disease states, but the nature of the oxidised proteins has not been identified. A proteomics approach was utilised to identify major proteins that contain carbonyls and/or 3-nitrotyrosine (3-NT) groups in the gastrocnemius (GTN) muscles of adult (5-11 months of age) and old (26-28 months of age) wild type (WT) mice and adult mice lacking copper, zinc superoxide dismutase (Sod1(-/-) mice), manganese superoxide dismutase (Sod2(+/-) mice) or glutathione peroxidase 1 (GPx1(-/-) mice). In quiescent GTN muscles of adult and old WT mice, protein carbonylation and/or formation of 3-NT occurred in several proteins involved in glycolysis, as well as creatine kinase and carbonic anhydrase III. Following contractions, the 3-NT intensity was increased in specific protein bands from GTN muscles of both adult and old WT mice. In quiescent GTN muscles from adult Sod1(-/-) , Sod2(+/-) or GPx1(-/-) mice compared with age-matched WT mice only carbonic anhydrase III showed a greater 3-NT content. We conclude that formation of 3-NT occurs readily in response to oxidative stress in carbonic anhydrase III and this may provide a sensitive measure of oxidative damage to muscle proteins. Copyright © 2007 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. This article was published in Proteomics Clin Appl and referenced in Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology

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