alexa Formatted anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha VHH proteins derived from camelids show superior potency and targeting to inflamed joints in a murine model of collagen-induced arthritis.
Materials Science

Materials Science

Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Author(s): Coppieters K, Dreier T, Silence K, de Haard H, Lauwereys M,

Abstract Share this page

Abstract OBJECTIVE: The advent of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocking drugs has provided rheumatologists with an effective, but highly expensive, treatment for the management of established rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Our aim was to explore preclinically the application of camelid anti-TNF VHH proteins, which are single-domain antigen binding (VHH) proteins homologous to human immunoglobulin V(H) domains, as TNF antagonists in a mouse model of RA. METHODS: Llamas were immunized with human and mouse TNF, and antagonistic anti-TNF VHH proteins were isolated and cloned for bacterial production. The resulting anti-TNF VHH proteins were recombinantly linked to yield bivalent mouse and human TNF-specific molecules. To increase the serum half-life and targeting properties, an anti-serum albumin anti-TNF VHH domain was incorporated into the bivalent molecules. The TNF-neutralizing potential was analyzed in vitro. Mouse TNF-specific molecules were tested in a therapeutic protocol in murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). Disease progression was evaluated by clinical scoring and histologic evaluation. Targeting properties were evaluated by 99mTc labeling and gamma camera imaging. RESULTS: The bivalent molecules were up to 500 times more potent than the monovalent molecules. The antagonistic potency of the anti-human TNF VHH proteins exceeded even that of the anti-TNF antibodies infliximab and adalimumab that are used clinically in RA. Incorporation of binding affinity for albumin into the anti-TNF VHH protein significantly prolonged its serum half-life and promoted its targeting to inflamed joints in the murine CIA model of RA. This might explain the excellent therapeutic efficacy observed in vivo. CONCLUSION: These data suggest that because of the flexibility of their format, camelid anti-TNF VHH proteins can be converted into potent therapeutic agents that can be produced and purified cost-effectively. This article was published in Arthritis Rheum and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology

Relevant Expert PPTs

Recommended Conferences

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords