Author(s): Varshosaz J, Tabbakhian M, Mohammadi MY
Abstract Share this page
Abstract Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) of buspirone HCl as a water-soluble drug were prepared by emulsification-evaporation, followed by the sonification method. A preliminary screening of the most effective parameters on the production of nanoparticles by a Taguchi L(8) orthogonal array showed that the lipid type, surfactant percentage, speed of homogenizer, and acetone:dichloromethane (DCM) ratio had a significant effect on particle size. In the next step, the lipid was fixed on cetyl alcohol, surfactant on Tween 20, lecithin:lipid weight ratio on 20:70, sonication time on 30 seconds, and the other effective, independent factors aforementioned were studied each at three levels by a three-factor, three-level Box-Behnken design. The percentage of drug entrapment, mean particle-size diameter, and zeta potential were studied as the responses. Contour plots were constructed to further elucidate the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. A pharmacokinetic study was conducted in male Wistar rats after oral administration of 15 mg.kg(-1) buspirone in the form of free drug or SLNs. The optimized SLNs had aq particle size of 345.7 nm, loading efficiency of 32.8\%, and zeta potential of -6.8 mV. Buspirone released about 90\% during 4.5 hours in vitro. It was found that the relative bioavailability of the drug in SLNs was significantly increased, compared to that of the drug solution.
This article was published in J Liposome Res
and referenced in Journal of Nanomedicine & Nanotechnology